Division 9 – Utility Scale Solar Energy Farm
Division 9 – Utility Scale Solar Energy Farm
§19.6-97.1 Applicability, permitting
The requirements set forth in this section govern the siting, development, construction, installation, operation, and decommissioning of utility scale solar energy facilities in the county. A Conditional Use Permit (CUP) is required for each utility scale solar energy farm proposed to be constructed, installed, or operated in the county. Small scale solar energy arrays and associate apparatus used for individual residential dwellings, not connected to the electrical grid, shall be considered an accessory use to the principal dwelling and permitted as such.
§19.6-97.2 Applications and Required Information for a Utility Scale Solar Energy Farm
In addition to the material required for a Conditional Use Permit petition, applications for utility scale solar energy facilities (farms) shall include the following information:
- Project Narrative: A narrative identifying the applicant, facility owner, property owner, and the operator of the facility. The narrative should include an overview of the project and its location, the size of the site and the project area; the current use of the site, the estimated time for construction, including a proposed date for commencement of construction; the maximum rated capacity of the facility; the approximate number, types and expected footprint of the solar equipment to be constructed to include photovoltaic panels, ancillary facilities, fencing, buffering, where the electricity generated at the facility will be transmitted, and the location of the proposed electrical grid interconnection.
- Site Development Plan: A site development plan of a scale and specification, in accordance with the requirements found in the Conditional Use Permit application shall be submitted with the application. Additional information may be required, as determined by the Zoning Administrator, such as scaled elevation view or other supporting drawings, photographs of the site, photographic simulations or modeling of the proposed solar energy facility, specifically from sensitive locations, as deemed necessary by the Zoning Administrator, aerial imagery or other mapping of the site or any other technical report necessary for the proper review of the Conditional Use Permit petition. If the petition is granted, then a full site development plan shall be required in accordance with the regulations found elsewhere in this ordinance.
- Documentation of right to use property for the proposed facility: Documentation shall include proof of control over the proposed site or possession of the right to use the proposed site in the manner requested. Any sensitive financial or confidential information may be redacted.
- Decommissioning plan; security
- The applicant shall provide a detailed decommissioning plan that provides procedures and requirements for removal of all parts of the solar energy generation facility and its various structures at the end of the useful life of the facility or if it is deemed abandoned or unsafe. The plan shall include the anticipated life of the facility, the estimated overall cost of decommissioning the facility in current dollars, the methodology for determining such estimate, and the manner in which the project will be decommissioned. The decommissioning plan and the estimated decommissioning cost shall be update every five (5) years, from the date of the certificate of occupancy or upon request of the Zoning Administrator; however, the updated costs shall be no more than twice every ten (10) years.
- Prior to receiving a certificate of occupancy to begin operation, the applicant must provide security in the amount of the estimated cost of the decommissioning. Options for security shall include a cash escrow, a performance surety bond, or an irrevocable letter of credit. The security must remain valid until the decommissioning obligations have been met. The security may be adjusted up or down by the county if the estimated cost of decommissioning the facility changes. The security must be renewed or replaced, if necessary, to account for any changes in the total estimated cost of decommissioning if deemed by the updated estimates. Security is a mandatory condition of all conditional use permits for utility scale solar energy farms.
- The decommissioning plan, cost estimates, and all updates to plans and estimates shall be sealed by a professional engineer licensed to do business in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
- Economic Analysis: An economic impact analysis, prepared by a qualified third-party that reports any expected change in the value of the subject property, expected employment during the construction of the facility, any expected impact on the county’s tax revenues, the estimated costs to the county associated with the facility in the form of additional services, and information on any other economic benefits or burdens from the project.
- Environmental Protection and Product Safety: All utility scale solar energy farms shall incorporate generally accepted national environmental protection and product safety standards for the use of solar panels and battery technologies for solar photovoltaic (electric energy) projects, such as those developed for existing product certifications and standards including the National Sanitation Foundation/American National Standards Institute No. 457, International Electrotechnical Commission No. 61215-2, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 1547, and Underwriters Laboratories No. 61730-2.
- Review fees: The county may retain qualified third-parties to review portions of the conditional use permit petition or the site development plan that are outside of the county’s areas of expertise and do not have adequate state and federal review. Any costs incurred by the county for such review by qualified third-parties shall be bill to the applicant and must be paid in full prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy.
- Community meeting: A public meeting shall be held prior to the county’s public hearing with the Planning Commission to give the community the opportunity to hear from the petitioner and ask questions regarding the proposed facility. The meeting shall be held at a location within a reasonable distance to the project and must be advertised in a newspaper with local circulation for two consecutive weeks prior to the meeting. The petitioner shall provide the Zoning Administrator with the date, time and place of the meeting, a copy of the advertisement, and a summary of any input/comments received from members of the public. Such information shall be provided to the Zoning Administrator no less than seven (7) business days prior to the Planning Commission public hearing.
§19.6-97.3 Visual Impacts, Setbacks, and Buffering
The petitioner shall demonstrate through project siting, and if necessary, through mitigation, that the solar project minimizes impacts to viewsheds from all residential areas, and any areas of scenic, historical, cultural or recreational significance. The following should be adhered to in placement, buffering and/or setback:
- A vegetative buffer sufficient to mitigate the visual impact of the facility is required along all areas adjacent to public roadways. The buffer shall consist of a one hundred (100) foot wide landscaped strip to include trees, shrubs and other vegetation considered native to the area. The landscaped strip may be located within the setback area and should run around or near the perimeter fence. Tree plantings in the buffer strip shall be a minimum of five (5) feet in height at the time of planting, no more than fifteen (15) feet between trees. Trees may be staggered. Existing trees and vegetation may be maintained within the buffer areas and may supplement and satisfy landscaping requirements. An alternative to tree plantings is to construct an earthen berm, minimum height of six (6) feet high. Berm must be stabilized with native grasses and/or plantings. The landscaped buffer must be maintained in good condition for the life of the project.
- The solar panel arrays and battery storage facilities shall be set back a minimum of one hundred (100) feet, as measured from all property lines, internal and external, to the project. All other structures or infrastructure shall meet the minimum setback for the underlying zoning district. Solar panel arrays and battery storage facilities shall be set back a minimum of one hundred (100) feet from the edge of water for any stream, creek, pond, lake, or wetland or fifty (50) feet from the 100-year floodplain boundary, whichever is greater. Existing wells shall be abandoned in accordance with current Virginia Department of Health regulations.
- The solar panel array area shall be enclosed by a security fence. The fence shall not be less than six (6) feet in height and should be equipped with appropriate anticlimbing devices such as strands of barbed wire at the top. Fencing should be installed on the interior of the buffer area so that it is screened from adjacent property. The fence shall be maintained in good repair for the life of the project.
§19.6-97.4 Processing of Application
The conditional use permit petition will follow the normal and customary process for such petitions, meaning, a duly advertised public hearing before the Planning Commission, followed by a recommendation, and then a duly advertised public hearing before the Board of Supervisors, followed by final consideration. Petitions are subject to any action afforded any other conditional use permit as enumerated elsewhere in the zoning ordinance.
§19.6-97.5 2232 Review For Utility Scale Solar Energy Farm
In accordance with the Code of Virginia §15.2-2232 et seq, utility scale solar energy farm petitions are subject to review against the county’s Comprehensive Plan. Prior to the petition being considered by the Planning Commission, the Planning Commission shall make a determination as to conformity with the Comprehensive Plan. The 2232 review may be advertised and approved concurrently with the conditional use permit petition.
§19.6-97.6 Unsafe or Abandoned Projects; Decommissioning
- If the utility scale solar energy facility is determined to be unsafe by the Building Official, then the facility shall be required to be repaired by the facility owner, site owner, or operator. Repairs shall be made in a timely manner as established by the Building Official. Should the repairs not be completed in the timeframe provided, then the owners or operators will be instructed to commence decommissioning in accordance with the approved decommissioning plan.
- If the facility is not operated for a continuous period of twelve (12) months, then the county may notify the owner/operator by registered mail and provide forty-five (45) days for the owner/operator to respond. If no response is provided, then the owner/operator will be instructed to commence decommissioning in accordance with the approved decommissioning plan.
- If the facility is abandoned, the owner/operator is required to notify the Zoning Administrator in writing.
- Within one (1) year of the date of said notification, or if determined to be abandoned by the Zoning Administrator in accordance with the above subsections, then the county may pursue legal action to have the facility removed at the expense of the facility owner, site owner, or operator, each of whom shall be jointly and severally liable for the expense of removing or repairing the facility. The county may also call upon the decommissioning security to remove the facility.